Alexandria Metropolis, Egypt – Journey Dudes


Alexandria, also referred to as “Al-Iskandariya” in Arabic, held the celebrated title of capital of Egypt for nearly a millennium earlier than step by step dropping its significance.

In fashionable occasions, nevertheless, Alexandria has emerged as a primary vacation spot to discover when visiting the African continent. What distinctive experiences await you on this fascinating metropolis?

Uncover extra about Alexandria and its charms by our unique Egypt tour packages and thrilling Egypt Journeys.

Alexandria, the second largest metropolis in Egypt after Cairo, is situated on the Egyptian Mediterranean coast. Sometimes called the ‘Pearl of the Mediterranean’, Alexandria attracted many European entrepreneurs till 1952 with its wealth of sights, intensive sandy seashores, cultural festivals and temperate local weather.

Consequently, regardless of being solely 225km from Cairo, this port metropolis exudes a Mediterranean reasonably than an Arab ambiance.

Historical past of town

Town of Alexandria dates again to 322 BC when Alexander the Nice based it on the age of 25.

Located on the Mediterranean coast, town of Alexandria served because the capital of Egypt throughout the Ptolemaic period till it will definitely misplaced its significance and place because the capital.

Alexander the Nice, after liberating Egypt from the Persian Empire, determined to construct a brand new metropolis linked by sea to his homeland of Macedonia. He selected the fishing village of Rhakotis, which had a pure harbor, and commissioned his architect, Deinocrates, to rework it into what we all know right this moment as town of Alexandria. It’s value noting that Alexander was not allowed to be buried within the historic capital of Memphis, having rejected it in favor of constructing Alexandria.

Fortress in Alexandria, Egypt
Fortress in Alexandria, Egypt

What’s the metropolis of Alexandria well-known for?

The Lighthouse of the Pharaohs in Alexandria is famend as one of many Seven Wonders of the Historic World and the world’s first lighthouse. French archaeologists have uncovered over 3,300 fragments of the lighthouse, which at the moment are on show in Alexandria’s museums.

Constructed throughout the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus by the Ptolemaic Kingdom of historic Egypt, it stood at a staggering top of a minimum of 100 meters (330 toes). For hundreds of years it held the title of the world’s tallest constructing till the Eiffel Tower was in-built 1889.

Though it not exists because of harm from three main earthquakes, the stays of this historic landmark can nonetheless be admired underwater by scuba diving.

Apparently, nevertheless, elements of Alexandria are actually underwater. The stays of Cleopatra’s palace, over 7,000 colossal statues, numerous gold and silver cash and numerous different artefacts which have surfaced all through historical past lie at depths of 8-15 meters beneath sea degree within the Abu Kir harbor basin. Recognizing their significance, the Egyptian authorities has made plans for an underwater museum the place divers can already marvel at these extraordinary discoveries.

Alexandria’s notable landmarks embody the Qait Bay Fortress with its panoramic views of town, the Greco-Roman Museum with its historic treasures, the catacombs often known as Kom El-Shokafa, the towering Morsi Abu El-Abbas Mosque, an almost 27 meter excessive Pompey’s Column and the Montazah Palace – as soon as King Farouk’s summer season residence – with its enchanting park.

The crowning glory of this vibrant metropolis is undoubtedly the Bibliotheca Alexandrina – the brand new library of Alexandria – and its accompanying cultural middle.

City of Alexandria in Egypt.
Metropolis of Alexandria in Egypt.

Format of town

Alexandria was initially divided into three distinct areas:

  • Rhakotis, which was the unique metropolis assimilated into Alexandria;
  • Brucheum, the opulent royal or Greek quarter;
  • and the Jewish area within the northeast.

Town boasted two distinguished colonnaded streets, every about 60 meters huge, which intersected within the coronary heart of Alexandria. Its strategic location between the Mediterranean and the Pink Sea established it as a significant hub for commerce, making it one in all Egypt’s most essential industrial facilities.

Beach of Alexandria City in Egypt.
Seaside of Alexandria Metropolis in Egypt.

Finest time to go to

The perfect time to discover Alexandria is in autumn (late September to early November) and spring (March and April). At these occasions, the climate is pleasantly temperate, making it good for taking within the metropolis’s architectural wonders.

  • Travel Dudes

    I am certain you’ve got had related experiences I had while touring. You are in a sure place and a fellow traveler, or an area, tip you off on a little-known seashore, bar or lodging. Nice journey suggestions from different vacationers or locals all the time add one thing particular to our travels. That was the inspiration for Journey Dudes.